Fine lines are also called “expression lines”, which are lines that may be caused by the movement of facial muscles when smiling or frowning. A wrinkle is deeper than a fine line and can be caused by the natural process of ageing, as well as exposure to environmental factors or repetitive facial movements such as smiling, frowning or squinting.
What are the causes of fine lines and wrinkles?
Skin ageing is caused by multiple intrinsic and external factors. Intrinsic skin ageing is the biological effect of time upon skin and ‘wrinkling’ as a result of your genes and biological age. External skin ageing is significantly influenced by environmental factors such as exposure to UV light, lifestyle, drying effects of the wind, using an inappropriate mix of skin care products, diet and cigarette smoke. The parts of our body which are more exposed to the external environment, such as our face, neck and hands, tend to be more prone to ageing and wrinkling compared to other parts of our body.
There are several ways to minimize the appearance of wrinkles and even remove them:
• It’s important to keep up a regular regime of chemical peels, facials and microdermabrasion. All three help sand off the top layer of skin to improve texture, decrease the appearance of lines and re-invigorate the epidermis with much-needed moisture.
• Some of the most popular treatments include: photo facials – where a special light is used to target problem skin areas; oxygen facials – a procedure, used by Madonna, that cleanses the skin of bacteria and impurities; and the MesoPeel – a skin renewal peel meant to stimulate production of collagen and elastin fibers.
• Glycolic acid peels. These superficial peels can make a very slight difference in the intensity of fine wrinkles.
• Deeper peels. These peels use ingredients like salicylic acid and trichloroacetic acid and penetrate somewhat deeper into the skin. These deeper peels do a better job of smoothing fine lines. In general, however, the deeper the peel, the greater the chance of side effects, such as scarring and changes in skin color. Such peels can be uncomfortable, so ask ahead of time what to expect.
• Dermabrasion. This procedure "sands" the skin. Depending a great deal on the skill and experience of the professional who does it, dermabrasion can make a big difference. Side effects, including scarring and permanent changes in skin color, are also possible.
• Laser Resurfacing. Our doctors use lasers to stimulate the skin's production of collagen, which plumps up skin. There are different types of lasers, and you can consult our doctors about how many treatments you'll need, how much "down time" you'll need for your skin to heal, and any risks.